Carroll Harris, Joe Wenger, and the Crane files

In service to the higher cause of disseminating truth about Amelia Earhart’s tragic disappearance and our government’s continued refusal to admit or reveal it, and at the risk of giving away the store, today’s post is basically an extract of a subsection of Chapter XIV, “The Care and Nurture of a Sacred Cow,” in Amelia Earhart: The Truth at LastI’ve taken a few editorial liberties, made some additions and subtractions, but most of this subsection, “Carrol Harris, Admiral Joseph Wenger, and the Crane Files,” is presented below.  Since I’m quoting from my own work, I will not indent as I would with quoted material from others.

Carroll Harris, of Sacramento, California, a retired Highway Patrol dispatcher and Navy veteran, contacted Fred Goerner in 1980.  Harris told Goerner that he’d worked for the chief of naval operations in Washington from 1942 until early 1945, and was responsible for the office’s highly classified vault.  Harris said a top-secret file on Amelia Earhart was maintained during the war, and he saw it many times.”  Harris often worked the night shift,” Goerner wrote to Jim Golden in 1982, “and to speed the time he familiarized himself with many of the files. There were many files on the USS Panay bombing by the Japanese, files on the Pearl Harbor attack, and a file (about 2/3 of a drawer or about 26 inches of material) dealing with Earhart.”

Jim Golden, Washington, D.C., circa mid-1970s. As a highly placed U.S. Justice Department official, Golden joined Fred Goerner in the newsman’s unsuccessful search for the elusive, top-secret files that would finally break open the Earhart case. During his amazing career, Golden led Vice President Richard M. Nixon’s Secret Service detail and directed the personal security of Howard Hughes in Las Vegas.  (Courtesy Jim Golden.)

Harris said the file covered a wide variety of issues, including the logistics of the flight, official positions to be taken in the event information about Earhart was made public, radio transmissions, and most importantly, “attempts at rescue and communications with Earhart (AFTER HER CAPTURE),” according to Goerner. “Harris said the file was added to during the war after the invasions of the Marshalls and the Marianas. He says it was basically the same info we have come up with concerning Japanese capture (of AE).”  (Emphasis Goerner’s.)

In a 1982 letter to Goerner, Harris said the office that housed the Earhart files was the “Secret and Confidential Mail and File Room—OP 020.”  A year later Harris wrote to Vice Admiral Kent J. Carroll, head of the Military Sealift Command, providing extensive details of OP 020 in the misplaced hope that Carroll, who was friendly with Goerner, would help locate the missing Earhart records. 

According to Harris, the Secret and Confidential Mail and File Room was located in Room 2055, in the “Navy Department building on Constitution Avenue (officially known as the Main Navy Building).  The vault containing the secret files “was located in one corner of Room 2055,” Harris wrote. “After being there several months I was authorized full access to the vault, as one of the enlisted group cleared to handle and transmit TOP SECRET matter. Chief John Aston showed me where ‘special’ files/documents were: The Wiley Post/Will Rogers crash; The Panay Yangtze River Gunboats Inquiry; The Pearl Harbor Inquiry and The Amelia Earhart File.  All these items were retained in one file cabinet; the Earhart file and the Wiley Post/Will Rogers crash papers were contained in one drawer. . . . The Earhart papers had been filed under numerous classifications and been gathered under the number(s) A12/FF.”  (Emphasis Harris’.)

In mid-1944, Harris said he was ordered to microfilm the secret files in Room 2055.  Once the job was completed, he told Goerner that a “copy went to the Naval Historian at Annapolis, Maryland, one copy went to the Naval Ammunition Depot at Crane City [sic], Indiana and we retained one.”  The original records, Harris said, were packed loosely so that upon arrival at National Archives they could be placed in a chamber for fumigation . . . prepatory [sic] to refilming on 35mm. The Earhart material was among these records.”  This aspect of Harris’ account is troubling.

Why would the classified Earhart files be sent to a Navy historian and the National Archives, when neither is known for housing such sensitive documents?  Goerner’s files provide no answers about why such volatile secrets would be sent to those locations.

Naval Support Activity Crane is located approximately 25 miles southwest of Bloomington, Ind.  NSA Crane was originally established in 1941 under the Bureau of Ordnance as the Naval Ammunition Depot (NAD) for the production, testing and storage of military weaponry. The Naval Security Group Detachment was established at Crane in 1953 and disestablished in 1997, moving to the Commander Naval Security Group Headquarters at Fort George G. Meade, Md.  Despite the best efforts of Fred Goerner and Jim Golden, the alleged Earhart files stored at Crane have never been found. 

Goerner focused on the Naval Ammunition Depot at Crane, where The Naval Security Group Detachment was established in 1953 and disestablished in 1997, moving to the Commander Naval Security Group Headquarters at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland.  In my December 2008 e-mail correspondence with officials at Crane, now known as Crane Division, Naval Surface Warfare Center, they were unable or unwilling to shed any light on whether the facility was receiving classified material from other Navy agencies in 1945.

“It took me more than three years to get the Navy to admit the records existed,” Goerner wrote to Jim Golden in 1988. “Through the Freedom of Information Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Ms. Gwen Aiken in charge, I filed for access to the records.” After twenty-eight months of silence, Aiken finally told Goerner that many records had been sent to Crane and asked him to be patient while a “couple of officers” reviewed them.

Goerner’s patience was running out, so he contacted his old friend, Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger, who had favorably reviewed his book for San Francisco magazine.  Several months later, Weinberger informed Goerner that Crane held “some 14,000 reels of microfilm containing Navy and Marine Corps cryptological records, which, under National Security Regulations must be examined page-by-page.  They cannot be released in bulk.  To date, over 6,000 reels have been examined in this manner and the sheer mass prevents us from predicting exactly how long it will take to examine the remaining reels.

Carroll Harris’ story wasn’t the first time Crane had come to Goerner’s attention.  In April 1968 he met retired Rear Adm. Joseph Wenger, a pioneer in the development of cryptanalysis machines and head of the Navy Security Group Command in Washington during most of World War II.  A few months later, Goerner reminded Wenger of his April statement that he’d “gained permission to investigate intercepted Japanese messages from the period of our concern . . . I believe you mentioned the documents were in storage at NSD [Naval Supply Depot] Crane, Indiana”   Goerner also wrote to ask Wenger if Ladislas Farago’s claim in his 1967 book, The Broken Seal, that “Commander [Laurance] Safford had all the Japanese codes and ciphers cracked” in 1936 was correct, in light of other books advancing differing claims.  Wenger replied that he was “not at liberty to comment on the discrepancies” because the “Department of Defense has adopted a strict ‘no comment’ policy about such matters.”  

In other letters during the two-year period prior to his death in 1970, Wenger assured Goerner he was looking into the naval intelligence intercepts at Crane, and asking former cryptologists at the key communications intelligence radio stations about their recollections of the July 1937 period.

Rear Adm. Joseph N. Wenger, the first cryptologic flag officer of the Navy and head of what would become the Naval Security Group from 1944 to 1949.  During Fred Goerner’s early 1960s Earhart investigations., Wenger led the KCBS newsman down the garden path, promising much and delivering nothing.

Wenger wrote that the Navy had high-frequency direction finding stations in 1937 at Mare Island, California; Honolulu; Guam; and Cavite, Philippines.  Though Wenger said he had no knowledge of any Navy ships with such HF/DF (high frequency/direction finding) capabilities, Goerner believed it was possible that some may have been using it on an experimental basis.  “If so, it was a secret then and is still so today, he told Fred Hooven in 1971.  “The HF/DF to track Japanese fleet movements could have been the black box of 1937.  As the Captains have indicated, however, we soon found out that Japan, Germany and England were all ahead of us in the development of HF/DF in 1937.” 

From Wenger, Goerner learned the Japanese had at “least a dozen radio directionfinder [sic] stations in the Marshall Islands by 1937 and were monitoring U.S. Fleet activity on a regular basis. All of this, I think, has some bearing . . . on the matter of the Earhart flight,” Goerner wrote, “and all the hassle about direction finders and messages received from the aircraft after the disappearance.”

Wenger, assigned to OP-20-G, the Navy’s signals intelligence and cryptanalysis group, from 1935 to 1938, told Goerner in 1968 that he could “recall nothing whatever from that time which had any bearing upon the [Earhart] flight, nor, when questioned, could one of my former subordinates who was likely to have known had anything been obtained.   In August 1969, Wenger claimed he had “personally reviewed all materials pertaining to the particular areas and time . . . but discovered nothing of any relevance [to Earhart] whatever.

Somewhere along the way, Goerner must have realized he had encountered another bureaucratic stone wall, despite Wenger’s apparent willingness to help.  “It occurs to me that if the Earhart affair became a matter of Presidential classification and a responsibility of COMINCH [Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet] Staff, all references to the subject may have been directed to one location,” Goerner wrote to Wenger in March 1969.  Goerner was politely telling the admiral that he suspected any Earhart-related material found in the intelligence intercepts at Crane had been reclassified at the highest level and squirreled away long agoIn retrospect, it’s clear that Wenger was leading Goerner down the garden path and protecting the sacred cow, never with the slightest intention of helping the newsman.

Fred Goerner’s “old friend,” Caspar Willard “Cap” Weinberger, secretary of defense under President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987, was another highly placed government official who helped erect and maintain the stone wall of silence around the top-secret Earhart files and led Goerner on a fruitless goose chase, telling him that The Naval Security Group Detachment at Crane, Ind., held “some 14,000 reels of microfilm containing Navy and Marine Corps cryptological records, which, under National Security Regulations must be examined page-by-page,” strongly suggesting that the Earhart secrets might someday be found there.

In a 1978 letter that eerily presaged Michael Muenich’s 1992 missive [to be featured in a future post], Fred Hooven explored the military and political dilemma that Navy intelligence intercepts of Japanese radio messages revealing their capture of the fliers would have presented our leaders in 1937.  Suppose that the Navy had been monitoring the Japanese communications and ship movements in the Pacific sufficiently to have learned, or at least to have gotten a pretty good idea, that the Japanese had abducted Earhart and Noonan,Hooven wrote.

What could they have done?  They could not have taken action short of a military intervention to recover the fliers, and they could not have announced the fact (even if they were certain of it) without revealing the extent of their coverage of Japanese communications and operations, and their source of knowledge. It would also have raised an enormous storm of protest and indignation as well as being a national humiliation that we could ill afford, if we did not take bold action to recover the fliers.  It could also be that we were pretty sure, but not sure enough to raise an international incident about it.

This would explain all the secrecy, the strident insistence that the messages received from the plane were all hoaxes, and the equally strident insistence that the plane had fallen into the sea.  It would explain the tampering with the log to say one-half hour of fuel left, the male-chauvinistic references to Earhart sounding hysterical,  etc.  Since no such policy could have been decided without White House consultation, it would even explain the White House type interest in the situation.

Shortly after Hooven presented these ideas in his 1982 paper, Amelia Earhart’s Last Flighthe added a small caveat in a letter to Goerner: “So far as our theory about the US govt [sic] knowing about the Japanese abduction of the fliers, if so it must have been a secret shared by relatively few people, otherwise it would have leaked long before this.”

Caspar Weinberger may have believed he was being honest with Goerner, but his statement that the secrets of the Earhart disappearance were being stored among thousands of microfilm records of cryptological intelligence radio intercepts seems far-fetched.  Then again, Weinberger might have expected Goerner to recognize his letter as a pro forma evasion.  The defense secretary probably knew nothing about the Earhart case before Goerner told him about the alleged records at Crane, but Weinberger was soon informed about the special nature of the Earhart files. Goerner, of course, had no clearance to view the material even if something were found at Crane.

As Weinberger was leaving office in late 1987, he sent the newsman’s request to Navy Secretary James Webb, who told Goerner it wouldtake ten years or more to deliver an answer about any Earhart information at Crane. “Never mind that the Navy claims ALL records from pre-WWII and WWII have been released,” an irate Goerner wrote to Jim Golden. “Never mind that we WON WORLD WAR II in a little less than four years. [Emphasis Goerner’s.]  It will take more than a decade to look at some records. Never mind that in ten years most of the people from WWII will be dead. They don’t deserve to know of their own history.”

Goerner didn’t express his frustration to Weinberger or Webb, but he must have known that the Earhart files were not among the 8,000 reels that still needed review, according to Weinberger. Gad, some of those people who have been trying to cover up for so long must hate my guts, Goerner told Golden. “But, damn it, I won’t give up as long as I have a breath.” (End of Truth at Last excerpt.)

 

 

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20 responses

  1. Mike- after re-reading this, the frustration of working on this case is so obvious. What is that old saying of Churchill’s, something like “an enigma wrapped up in a riddle”.. keep on despite this.

    Like

  2. Mike,

    As one who has studied, not merely read your book, re-reading this portion again takes my breath away to realize the toil and effort you have put into this treasure-trove of Earhart history.

    “Earhart truth” is forever indebted to you for your labor of love. As a lover of The Amelia Story, you have added greatly to my knowledge of a “mystery” which was not a mystery to those in Washington who intentionally kept the truth from the American public.

    Yet again, you have my deep appreciation and admiration. Thank you.

    Capt Calvin Pitts (Airline pilot, retired)

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Calvin,

      A thousand thanks for your most kind words. Coming from one such as you, with all your accomplishments and history, this is high praise indeed. Thanks for being such an important part of this discussion group as well. It’s always an honor and pleasure to hear from you.

      God Bless you and Wanda,
      Mike

      Liked by 1 person

  3. Mike,
    This latest post is well done and your observations of Wenger are spot on.

    Regarding Goerner: “But, damn it, I won’t give up as long as I have a breath.”

    Sadly, if Goerner would have cooperated with Vincent Loomis and Don Kothera instead of disparaging and discrediting their research, they would have solved this mystery.

    Like

    1. Thanks Les, but why do you continue to call this a “mystery”? You’re using the language of the enemies of the truth. Here we all know and agree on the basics about what happened, which our establishment refuses to acknowledge and insists on prolonging the lie to protect the sacred cow, telling us always about the unsolvable “Earhart Mystery.” It’s one of the biggest lies of the 20th century, and has given people like you and me plenty to keep busy. I agree that if Goerner wouldn’t have been so possessive of the Earhart story — as so many others have also been — and nasty to others trying to do their own good work, we would have a better, more cohesive body of accumulated knowledge. But we have more than plenty that lays out the truth, it’s all there for anyone who seeks it.

      Thanks for checking in.

      Mike

      Liked by 2 people

      1. Mike, and fellow readers,
        The Travel Channel’s “Mysteries of the Museum” will be presenting a one hour special on the disappearance of Amelia Earhart this Wednesday evening (January 23, 2019).

        Trailer: “Don Wildman seeks to solve Amelia Earhart’s disappearance as he meets experts, examines evidence and explores three compelling theories. Premieres Wed., Jan. 23 at 9 Eastern time,|8 Central and 6 Pacific time” The show will be repeated two hours after its initial telecast.

        I have been told that fellow researcher Dick Spink and I will be appearing in the last segment. Don’t expect any new revelations, I have not seen any cuts.

        Les

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      2. Thanks Les. They never even contacted me. I wonder why. I don’t get the Travel Channel, and from what I’ve heard, you can bet this will be another establishment disinformation exercise, designed to confuse the uninformed and maintain the illusion of the unsolvable mystery. No offense intended to you, of course, as we know you can always be counted on to represent the truth — as you see it, of course.

        Your and anyone else’s reviews are welcome here. I’ll be sitting this one out.

        Mike

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      3. I hear crickets. Overall the Travel Channel program appeared to dismiss the Gardner Island theory and support the Marshalls/Saipan truth; Les, your segment was fairly brief, was there other evidence you presented that was not included in the program?

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      4. William H. Trail

        Tom,

        I agree with your assessment regarding dismissal of the Gardner Island/Niku Theory and support of the Marshall Islands/Saipan truth. Les’ segment was indeed short, but the explanation of the overhead power lines and the 1935 electrification of Jaluit vis-a-vis the photo of AE and FN on the dock was very interesting.

        For those who might have missed it, the segment with Ron Bright featured a brief camera shot of his bookshelf. Later I went back to that part and hit the pause button to see what titles Ron had on his shelf. Prominent among the books was “Amelia Earhart: The Truth At Last” and “With Our Own Eyes: Eyewitnesses to the Final Days of Amelia Earhart.” Although Mike was not featured, he nonetheless literally “photo bombed” the program!

        All best,

        William

        Like

      5. I was actually quite pleased with the production of this short special. There was only one obvious error made. A hint: it was not directly related to the “mystery” which I know annoys Mike to no end.

        FYI, I must have been on camera about four hours. I supplied quite a bit of video/pictures and a lot of documentation. We discussed, a variety of witnesses, Post Loss Radio reports, incidents, Saipan, Tom Devine, Loomis, Goerner, Mili, Nina Paxton, the Marshallese, the jail, the cemetery, Tanapag, the possibility of Earhart being involved in a crash on Saipan etc., as well as DF, and TIGHAR’s theory. Mike’s book was mentioned a couple of times.

        The producer immersed himself into the ‘mystery” and was quite knowledgeable. He had done a lot of work assessing the TIGHAR theory and read Mike’s book, Devine’s, Loomis, and Goerner prior to production.

        Since the program was supposed to discuss and present all three theories,
        I guess it just all boiled down to how it would fit into 47 minutes.

        Like

      6. Thanks Les. Since I didn’t see it, yours, William Trail’s and Tom Williams’ brief descriptions indicate that the truth was a prominent part of an Earhart treatment in a TV production — virtually for the first time. I consider this to be real progress, long overdue. My problems with the History Channel’s disinformation drill in July 2017 are well known to anyone who comes here, and I hope none of that seeped into the Travel Channel’s special. It matters little that I wasn’t asked on, though we all like a little face time and I’d be lying to say I wasn’t just a bit offended by their decision to ignore me. What’s far more important is that the truth is aired, finally and for many to see. I see this as a first step in a long journey, but at least it appears to be in the right direction. Thanks for your contribution.

        Mike

        Like

  4. William H. Trail | Reply

    Greetings to All:

    Captain Laurence Frye Safford, USN, the Father of Naval Cryptography has always loomed large casting his shadow across the disappearance of Amelia Earhart and Frederick Noonan. Safford is of course the author of “Earhart’s Flight Into Yesterday The Facts Without the Fiction,” which promulgates the official U.S. Government “splashed and sank” position. While looking online for something entitled, “Amelia Earhart: What Really Happened at Howland Island, Unabridged Report IV” by Captain George C. Carrington, I discovered quite by accident that Capt. Safford is also the author of a report entitled, “Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight: A Tragedy of Errors.”

    Located in Box #11, as indicated on page 18 of the Container List of the Joseph Gervais Papers 1924-2005, Special Collections Department, McDemott Library at the University of Texas at Dallas, is a copy of the presentation of the Legion of Merit (LoM) to Capt. Safford for “Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight: A Tragedy of Errors.”

    Now, the Legion of Merit, 7th in the order of precedence of U.S. Military/Naval decorations, is awarded for “exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements.” Usually, these outstanding services and achievements are performed over a period of time. It also takes no less than a Lieutenant General or a Vice Admiral to “chop off” on the award of a LoM. All I can say is that someone powerful really had to be pleased with Capt. Safford and this singular report to put him in for a LoM for it. I should mention that Capt. Safford was previously awarded the LoM, “For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Assistant Director of Naval Communications for Cryptographic Research from March 1942, to September 1945….” The time period cited in the award narrative spans almost the entire war. I’ve never heard of anyone ever being awarded a LoM for writing a report.

    Strangely, there’s no reference to “Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight: A Tragedy of Errors” in “Earhart’s Flight Into Yesterday.” The “Tragedy of Errors” report is not listed in the bibliography, nor is it referenced or mentioned in the Forward, the Introduction, the Preface, or even the inside flaps of the dust jacket.

    The above referenced Joseph Gervais Papers container list may be found at:

    https://www.utdallas.edu/library/specialcollections/hac/general/gervais.pdf

    All best,

    William

    Liked by 1 person

    1. My guess is “Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight: A Tragedy of Errors” was the title of a technical article Safford wrote for the Navy Institute in 1967, which became a draft for the eventual book published in 2003.

      The book US Navy Codebreakers, Linguists and Intelligence Officers Against Japan 1910-1941 says Safford intended to use AE’s 1937 Oakland to Honolulu flight to test two different experimental types of Navy HF Direction Finders but could not because both sets were disabled at the time.

      His interest in AE was renewed in 1967 after reading Daughter Of The Sky, which stated an HF-DF was obtained from the Navy and installed on Howland Island. He also mentioned a dozen references to the DF in Goerner’s book. He states that (in 1937) the Navy’s HF-DF’s were under his cognizance and he had no recollection of any installation on Howland. After reading those books his curiosity was aroused and he decided to “solve this enigma” and write the article, which became a draft of his book; he died and the manuscript was edited and re-worked by others and then published.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. William H. Trail

        Tom,

        Writing about Safford in “U.S. Navy Codebreakers, Linguists And Intelligence Officers Against Japan 1910-1941,” author Capt. Steven E. Maffeo, USNR (Ret.) provides the reader a rather benign and plausible reason for his (Safford’s) 1967 renewed interest in AE and decision his to write a book to “solve this enigma.” Difficult, if not impossible, to break that solid rational. Still, I cannot help but wonder if, given that he is the Father of U.S. Naval Cryptography after all, that Safford was instead “alarmed” by Briand and Goerner’s books and began writing not to solve an enigma, but to preserve one.

        All best,

        William

        Like

      2. William,

        You may be right; the establishment has been “putting out fires” for decades, and may be doing it again as Mike alluded to in reference to tonight’s Travel Channel program (and thank you Les for the heads up!).

        Like

  5. I’ve been to Dallas. Safford received the Legion of Merit and a $100,000 award approved by Congress for his inventions of a crypto machine that assisted in breaking the Japanese code.

    Safford attempted to write an Earhart book based upon his stubborn belief that Earhart and Noonan crashed and sank. His manuscript was written to justify this hypotheses. It’s full of errors and half-truths. Safford’s sourcing is non-existent and his writing is pure conjecture. His ego was huge. He makes no mention in his manuscript of Japanese intercepts or that Earhart’s radio transmission should have been picked up by Navy listening stations throughout the Pacific.

    As Mike inferred in this blog (from Wenger’s correspondence with Goerner) Safford would have also known that Japanese DF installed throughout Micronesia was capable of tracking Earhart’s flight. How else do you think the Japanese were able to find Earhart so quickly? With DF lines crisscrossing out of Jaluit, Mili’s seaplane base at Enejet, Ponape, and other stations, the Japanese knew very quickly where Earhart had landed.

    Yet not a word about this from Safford. I wonder why?

    Liked by 2 people

    1. William H. Trail | Reply

      Les,

      When you say you’ve “been to Dallas,” I take it that you visited the University of Texas at Dallas and physically examined the Joseph Gervais Papers held in the university’s special collections. Did you see the citation for Safford’s LoM as described in the Container List and did Safford actually receive it for his “Tragedy of Errors” report? I ask because I’ve not been to Dallas, at least not to the university there and have not examined the item(s) myself. All I’ve seen is the Container List that I found online and it may not accurately reflect the contents. Your “boots-on-the-ground/eyes-on-the-target” assessment is appreciated. Thanks.

      All best,

      William

      Like

      1. A couple of years ago, I spent two days looking over Gervais’s material at the University of Texas/Dallas. Anything new or interesting I copied. Unfortunately, little was new or interesting. I did not listen or view the audio or video tapes as Gervais summarized all of his witness interviews. Much of the material at Dallas is related to the ill fated book written by Joe Klass, “Amelia Earhart Lives” and Gervais’ obsession with Irene Bolam.

        Gervais’ early Earhart research was good and quite credible. Why he decided to pursue the Bolam women is beyond me. Actually, my original intent was to look for information concerning Gervais’ early claim that the crew of missing China Clipper from 1938 was captured and buried at Truk by the Japanese. Strangely, except for one nebulous document, the Dallas holdings are absent of any China Clipper information. In fact quite a bit of Gervais’ research material is not at Dallas. (I have quite a bit of his correspondence from other sources that is not at Dallas)

        Gervais’ research wasn’t always ethical. He was prone to tell fibs to get interviews and often stretched the truth beyond credibility.

        Regarding Safford: Gervais had a lot of contact with another Earhart researcher named John Luttrell. Luttrell had quite an interest in Laurence Safford who assisted Dr. Donald Goldstein in putting the finishing touches on the great World War Two classic, “At Dawn We Slept.” Luttrell also assisted Goldstein in a “meh” biography of Earhart. Luttrell gave Gervais the working paper for Safford’s manuscript which I believe was titled the “Tragedy of Errors.” That manuscript was self published by a couple of later researchers long after Safford’s death. I have an early copy of Safford’s original manuscript given to me by Dr. Goldstein. As I mentioned previously, Safford’s was not a credible researcher.

        Les Kinney

        Like

  6. *Great piece Mike and great comments gentlemen. I was always amazed as a young man, how Robert Ballard could find the Titanic and all these other long lost vessels and even President Kennedy’s – PT 109. Yet when somebody once asked him about trying to find Amelia Earhart’s Electra, he didn’t want to try nor touch it with a 10 foot pole. That never made sense to me or his backing away from that challenge.

    It wasn’t until 2010, when I stumbled across Mike Campbell’s e-mail on an Earhart website, that I finally started getting answers and from there, it grew into the *TRUTH. Mike made me work for it, reading Fred Goerner and Thomas Devine’s books, etc. etc. Had I not stumbled across Mike’s email, at the bottom of this Earhart website, I fear to think of how ignorant and blind sighted I still would be.

    This article proves, the lengths at which OUR GOVERNMENT has gone, to deceive, confuse & misinform the American public and it’s own higher ranking officials.

    Doug

    Like

  7. William H. Trail | Reply

    Les,

    Many thanks for your response to my question. It is much appreciated. Ditto the insights into Dr. Gordon W. Prange’s “At Dawn We Slept” as well as Dr. Goldstein and Katherine V. Dillon’s biography, “Ameiia.” I should mention that Goldstein and Dillon collaborated with Dr. Prange on “At Dawn We Slept.”

    By the way, I too have a long-standing interest in the 1938 disappearance of PAA’s “Hawaii Clipper” and it’s 15 passengers and crew. The Japanese certainly had the means, motive and opportunity.

    Will tune in to the Travel Channel tonight for the program on AE.

    All best,

    William

    Like

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